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Original Research Articles

Prevalence of Intimate Partner Violence Across Urban, Rural and Estate Sectors: A Preliminary Study

Authors:

Haizana Parween Reyal ,

Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, LK
About Haizana
Department of Health Promotion, Faculty of Applied Sciences
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Manuja Niranshi Perera,

University of Kelaniya, LK
About Manuja
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine
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Duminda Guruge

Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, LK
About Duminda
Department of Health Promotion, Faculty of Applied Sciences
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Abstract

Introduction: Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women continues to be a silent health problem in Sri Lanka. Studies on IPV across different socio-demographic divisions are limited, thus uniform approaches are used to address IPV despite the varying prevalence across different study settings.

 

Objectives: To compare the prevalence of IPV across the urban, rural and estate sectors through a study conducted in Nawalapitiya Medical Officer of Health (MOH) Area

 

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was designed to conduct with 701 ever-married women aged 15-49 years using a multistage cluster sampling method. A pre-tested interviewer-administered-questionnaire was used to assess the abuse experienced by the participants during lifetime and past twelve months in the form of physical, psychological, sexual acts and controlling behaviours. Bivariate analysis was performed to compare the prevalence of IPV among the three sectors.

 

Results: The response rate was 85.6% (n=600). Lifetime prevalence of physical (n=237; 39.5%), psychological abuse (n=234; 39.0%) and controlling behaviours (n=188; 31.3%) were high among everpartnered women. Estate women reported more abuse (n=143; 79.4%), physical (n=110; 61.1%), psychological (n=99; 55%), sexual abuse (n=29; 16.1%) and controlling behaviours (n=62; 34.4%) compared to urban and rural women.

 

Conclusions & Recommendations: IPV prevalence significantly differed across sectors. IPV was highest in the estate sector followed by urban and rural sectors. Designing of IPV intervention should focus on different sectors. The contributory factors within the sectors should be explored and addressed.

How to Cite: Reyal, H.P., Perera, M.N. and Guruge, D., 2021. Prevalence of Intimate Partner Violence Across Urban, Rural and Estate Sectors: A Preliminary Study. Journal of the College of Community Physicians of Sri Lanka, 27(2), pp.389–398. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jccpsl.v27i2.8399
Published on 14 Sep 2021.
Peer Reviewed

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