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Original Research Articles

Unmet need, demand and potential demand met for family planning services among urban and rural women in Bayelsa State, Nigeria

Authors:

Obielumani I. Oguche ,

Federal Medical Centre, Yenagoa, NG
About Obielumani I.
Department of Community Medicine & Public Health
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Ibitein Okeafor,

Federal Ministry of Health, NG
About Ibitein
Department of Public Health
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Adedotun D. Adesina,

Yenagoa Campus, Bayelsa State, NG
About Adedotun D.
The Medical Centre, The Nigerian Law School
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Ulunma I. Mariere,

Federal Medical Centre, Yenagoa, NG
About Ulunma I.
Department of Community Medicine & Public Health
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Seye Babatunde

University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, NG
About Seye
Centre for Health and Development
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Abstract

Introduction: High fertility, low contraceptive prevalence and poor maternal indices characterize the reproductive history of women in sub-Sahara Africa. In such populations, unmet need for contraception tend to be high; there is a dearth of evidence about the unmet need for family planning in these settings.

 

Objectives: To determine and to compare the unmet need, demand and potential demand met for family planning services (FPS) amongst urban and rural women of Bayelsa State in Southern Nigeria

 

Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study design was used to survey 200 urban and 200 rural currently married or in-union women in April-July 2018. Data were collected using a pretested, structured intervieweradministered questionnaire on unmet need, after written consent was obtained from respondents. Collected data were edited, coded, and entered to IBM Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 23.0.

 

Results: The proportion of unmet need was 46.5% (n=93) for urban women compared to 57.5% (n=115) for the rural (χ2=4.85; p=0.03). The potential demand for contraception was at 62.5% in the urban and 71.5% for the rural women. The proportion of demand satisfied in the urban areas was 26.4% and 19.6% for the rural women.

 

Conclusions & Recommendations: This study found differences in the level of demand and potential demand met for FPs leading to high unmet need for family planning, between women in urban and rural areas in Bayelsa State. Thus, efforts still need to be intensified in promoting FP programmes as we see that the improvement in uptake with high unmet need, reflects the needs to be met and the readiness of reproductive age women to space or limit childbearing.

How to Cite: Oguche, O.I., Okeafor, I., Adesina, A.D., Mariere, U.I. and Babatunde, S., 2022. Unmet need, demand and potential demand met for family planning services among urban and rural women in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Journal of the College of Community Physicians of Sri Lanka, 28(2), pp.573–582. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jccpsl.v28i2.8522
Published on 22 Sep 2022.
Peer Reviewed

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