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Original Research Articles

Physical activity pattern of school children aged 14 - 15 years in the Kalutara District

Authors:

Indrani Padmalatha Godakanda ,

Ministry of Health, LK
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Chrishantha Abeysena,

Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, LK
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Ayesha Lokubalasooriya

Family Health Bureau, LK
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Abstract

Objective To describe the pattern of physical activity among school children aged 14-15 years in the Kalutara District. Methods The cross sectional survey was carried out among a sample of 1795, recruited using multistage cluster sampling with probability proportionate to the size of the 14-15 years aged school children in government schools in the District of Kalutara. A total of 90 clusters were included and cluster size was twenty participants in the class room. The pattern of physical activity was assessed using the validated Physical Activity Questionnaire-S. Moderate to vigorous physical activity for at least 60 minutes per day for 5 or more days per week and were categorized as sufficiently active. Chi-square test was performed and the p value <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results Only 33.1% (n=595) of the adolescents were sufficiently active. Only 30.6% (n=246) female adolescents and 35.1% (n=349) male adolescents were sufficiently active (P<0.05). Of the overweight participants 26.7% (n=48) were sufficiently active which was significantly difference from normal (35.1%,n=412) and underweight groups (30.4%,n=135) (p<0.05). Only 13.9% (n=249) adolescents participated ≥3 days per week for sport clubs, aerobics, dancing, martial class during out of school hours. Only 4.8% (n=86) adolescents participated ≥3 days in school physical exercise period during the last 5 days prior to data collection. Seventy eight percent (n=1407) of adolescents learned about benefits of physical exercise during last year from the schools. About 80% (n=1434) of adolescents learned about knowledge of injury prevention of physical exercise during the last year from the schools. Conclusion Only 33.1% adolescents were sufficiently active. Males were more sufficiently active than females. Participation of physical exercise activities within school and out of school hours were low. Schools provide knowledge on benefits of physical activities and prevention of injuries for majority of adolescents.
How to Cite: Godakanda, I.P., Abeysena, C. and Lokubalasooriya, A., 2018. Physical activity pattern of school children aged 14 - 15 years in the Kalutara District. Journal of the College of Community Physicians of Sri Lanka, 24(2), pp.82–89.
Published on 30 Jun 2018.
Peer Reviewed

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